Remembering the millions murdered in Hitler’s Holocaust
PUBLISHED: 09:49 21 January 2009 | UPDATED: 13:58 05 October 2010
THE millions who died during the Holocaust of the Second World War are being remembered in a week of events in London from Sunday. Holocaust Memorial Day on Tuesday (Jan-27) is the 64th anniversary of the Allied liberation of the Nazi death camp at Auschwitz-Berkenau in Occupied Poland
By Ollie Eckersley and Mile Brooke
THE millions who died during the Holocaust of the Second World War are being remembered in a week of events in London from Sunday.
Holocaust Memorial Day on Tuesday (Jan-27) is the 64th anniversary of the Allied liberation of the Nazi death camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau in Occupied Poland, where a million Jews and 200,000 others were murdered in gas chambers by the Nazis.
It was part of Hitler’s ethnic cleansing’ of Occupied Europe in which six million Jewish men, women and children—a third of their numbers in the world—were exterminated.
GATHERING DEATH STORM
A series of events in East London organised by the Jewish East End Celebration Society begins with Sunday morning’s walking tour which includes the scene of the Battle of Cable Street’, when Mosley’s fascists were blocked by East Enders preventing his Blackshirts marching through Whitechapel in 1936 as the storm clouds gathered for the coming Holocaust. The walk led by local historian Clive Bettington meets outside Aldgate Underground station at 10.30am.
It is followed by a film screening of The Relief of Belsen at Mile End’s Genesis cinema, near Stepney Green, at 1.30pm, about the liberation of the Bergen-Belsen death camp by British troops in 1945.
Also on Sunday, an interfaith commemoration of the Belsen liberation begins at the East London Central Synagogue in Nelson Street, Stepney, at 4pm, addressed by Marton Braun from Hackney whose family were Holocaust survivors.
Other events in the week include a Holocaust Day gathering at Bethnal Green’s Oxford House community centre in Derbyshire Street, off Bethnal Green Road, at 7pm on Tuesday, with the Searchlight campaign against racism and the renowned 43 Group’ set up at the end of the war to monitor the rebirth of fascism.
SIX MILLION MURDERED
The evening includes candle-lighting to remember the six million Jews and other minorities put to death during the Holocaust.
A Yiddisher Kunst exhibition of Jewish art showing the vibrant life of communities before the Holocaust by pre-War East European artists is being staged at Tower Hamlets Town Hall in Blackwall, Whitechapel’s Brady art centre in Hanbury Street, the Soanes Centre at Tower Hamlets Cemetery Park in Southern Grove, Mile End, and the Whitechapel Ideas Store library centre in Whitechapel Road, running until next Thursday.
SURVIVOR TELLS HIS STORY
Holocaust survivor Henry Glaze, now 84 and living in retirement in Mile End, gave his story at last year’s commemoration.
He was one of the last Jewish children to escape Hitler’s Third Reich on the day German forces invaded Poland in September, 1939, which sparked the Second World War. He was 15 when he was sent on the Kindertransporte scheme organised in London to get Jewish children out, arriving at the Danish frontier just five hours before hostilities broke out on September 1.
“It was very tense that day the fighting began,” Henry remembers. “But my brother and parents were trapped in Kiel and ended up in the death camps.
“I never saw them again. My father died at Auschwitz, my mother at Belsec.”
Britain allowed 40,000 Jewish refugees into the country by the outbreak of war. Of special importance to Henry was the British Government’s decision to admit 10,000 children. He was one of them.
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